Pregnancy is a state in which a female body goes through a lot of changes as a new life is living inside her womb and Nutrition absolutely has a major impact on every one’s life in each and every phase of life.
“Like what you eat you become”.
So pregnancy is a phase in which you can nurture your baby from it’s root.
Adequate nutrition has the greatest potential for long term health impact than it does at any other time.
So, it is very important to plan before conceiving so that a women can improve her health and get prepared for the transition period of 9 months and to deliver a healthy baby.
Mostly, women who are well nourished before conception they begin their pregnancy with some reserve nutrients, than the malnourished ones so that they can meet up the requirements of the growing baby in their womb. “Every malnourished women gives birth to a malnourished child”- it’s a vicious cycle., And one can break that with proper nutrition.
Hence it an important reason why adequate nutrition is important before pregnancy.
If the nutrition of the mother is not proper then conditions like fetal malformation or spontaneous abortion may occur. All these abnormalities occur so early in pregnancy, that the modification must be made before pregnancy.
If nutrition is not proper before pregnancy then the mother might suffer from nutritional deficiencies and problems like anaemia, obesity, hypertension, etc which might affect the health of the foetus as well. And on other hand obese or overweight women are more likely to have all these disorders or delivery abnormalities.
As per the best nutritionist in Mumbai, a well-balanced diet is one which consists of all five food groups: Cereals and its products, Vegetables, Fruits, Milk & Milk products, Pulses or protein sources like meat, fish, egg, nuts, etc. Different food groups have different functions like cereals give energy, fruits and vegetables provide different vitamins and minerals. Protein sources help in building and repairing tissues basically milk, pulses come under body building food. Along with these water and fibre also play an essential role. It helps to maintain electrolyte balance and maintain gut health.
All these together helps one to be healthy which also ensures easy conception.
Some of the nutrients to be taken special care of before pregnancy are : Iron, Calcium and Folic Acid. All women need folic acid for proper functioning of the body. The sources of folic acid are green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, nuts, beans, fortified cereals. If food is unable to provide adequate amounts then supplements can be taken but only after talking to a medical practitioner. Folic acid helps in preventing neural tube defects in foetus. The most common defect is spina bifida in which the spinal cord is exposed as the vertebrae don’t fuse together properly which can lead to disability or death of the infant.
Just like iron vitamin A is also stored in baby for almost 6 months, but for some infants reserves of vitamin A may be depleted before completing their 6 months andhence need to be provided from food sources.
As per the best nutritionist in Delhi
generally women have low iron levels due to menstruation so food rich in iron should be consumed like meat, egg, fish, green leafy vegetables, legumes as iron reserves are required during pregnancy for proper foetal development. After a baby is born it uses the reserves of iron stored by the mother for about 3 – 6 months.
Calcium is required for proper bone development of the foetus. If mother is deficient in calcium then her calcium reserves will be used up which will lead to osteoporosis.
To ensure this all women should ensure healthy eating from the beginning so that later they do not have to face any problems. Healthy mothers give birth to healthy individuals.