Teaching is one of the oldest and most prestigious professions and in the bygone ages, teachers were revered as deities. Teaching as a profession is still one of the most sought after professions and with the introduction of multiple constitutional amendments to assure affordable and necessary education to all, the demand for teachers in government institutions has increased.
To become a government teacher, candidates must have the core qualification, which is a qualification required for that level, to teach at the primary, primary and intercollegiate levels. To apply for teacher training courses like NTT / BTC, B.Ed, and others, the candidate should be Senior Secondary / Graduate / Post Graduate.
Syllabus and Their Eligibility Criteria to Become a Government Teacher in India
It is necessary to obtain a teacher eligibility certificate by passing the teacher eligibility test. These teacher eligibility tests are authorized by the state or central government to conduct these examinations by the state or central government.
Government School Teacher Recruitment Process
Basic education qualification
- Teacher training course
- CTET / TET certification
- Recruitment Examination / Interview
Currently, the CTET (full form Central Eligibility Test) is conducted by CBSE at the central level to certify primary level teachers and state TET conducted by the respective state authorities to certify PRT, TGT and PGT level teachers is done. Further candidates are subjected to written test/interview by the respective recruitment officers for evaluation before final selection as a government teacher.
The government started CTET / TET to set a pattern for educational quality and to foster a standardized recruitment process across the country. It also aims to improve and innovate the teaching method followed by the institutions.
CTET is conducted in Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) format, CTET consists of two papers i.e. Paper I and Paper II, applicants soliciting to become teachers for Grades I to V qualify Paper I and CTET Teacher Certificate for VI. VIII candidates have to pass CTET Paper II. Further, if the candidates want to teach from class I to VIII, they can attempt both Paper I and Paper II. Candidates are required to secure a minimum of 60% marks for obtaining CTET certificate.
Eligibility for CTET / TET
The merest qualification to become a teacher for class I-V (primary stage):
Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with the minimum of 50% marks and passed or 2-1 year Diploma in Elementary Education / 2-year Diploma Education ( Special Education)/ 4- year Bachelor of Elementary Education (BLEd) in accordance with NCTE (Recognition Criteria and Procedure), Regulations, 2002 or in the final year of Graduation and passed or two years Diploma in Elementary Education (by whatever name known).
The minimum qualification to become a teacher for class VI-VIII (preliminary stage):
Graduated and passed or passed in the final year of the 2-year Diploma in Elementary Education qualification.
Graduates with a minimum of 45% marks and 1-year Bachelor degree in Education (B.Ed) / B.Ed. (Special Education) / Senior Secondary (or its equivalent) with at least 50% marks and passed in the final year of 4-8 years or Bachelor in Elementary Education (B.El.Ed) / BA / B. Sc.Ed or BA Ed / B.Sc.Ed.
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